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保证金暗藏猫腻?晨鸣纸业危机四伏 负债高达728亿元
 
http://0797xxg.com  2020-08-14 界面新闻(记者 | 袁颖琪)

  JINNIANZAOZHIXINGYEKEWEISHIBINGHUOLIANGZHONGTIAN。BAOZHUANGZHIQIYEBOHUIZHIYE(600966.SH)、TAIYANGZHIYE(002078.SZ)GUJIALIANCHUANGXINGAO,DANJIZHIZHILONGTOUCHENMINGZHIYE(000488.SZ)BULUNSHIYEJIHAISHIGUJIADOUZAINITANLIZHENGZHA。

彩乐乐网  CHENMINGZHIYESHANGBANNIANSHIXIANGUISHUMUGONGSIJINGLIRUN5.16YIYUAN,TONGBIZENGZHANG1.28%。HAOXIAOXISHILIANXULIANGNIANDEYEJIXIAHUAZHONGYUJIESHULE,DANZHEIBINGBUSHIGUSHIDEQUANBU。WOMENCONGCHENMINGZHIYELINIANDECAIBAOZHONGFAXIAN,ZHEIJIAGONGSIDEYINXINGCHENGDUIHUIPIAOBAOZHENGJINQIGAOWUBI,LINGWAIGAOFUZHAILVYEYADEGONGSIWUFACHUANQI。JINNIANYILAICHENMINGZHIYEDEZHANGFUJINWEI2.3%。

  银行承兑汇票保证金暗藏猫腻

  DUONIANLAI,CHENMINGZHIYEYIZHICUNZAI“DACUNDADAI”XIANXIANG。ZHANGMIANHUOBIZIJINHEDUANQI、ZHANGQIJIEKUANDOUGAODABAIYI。

彩乐乐网  CONG2016NIANZHIJINNIANSHANGBANNIAN,CHENMINGZHIYEHUOBIZIJINCONG101.1YIYUANZENGJIADAO193.02YIYUAN。XIANJINDUOBENSHIHAOSHI,DANGENJUPILUMINGXI,QIZHONGZHANBIZUIDADESHIWEIKAIJUYINXINGCHENGDUIHUIPIAO、XINYONGZHENG、BAOHANERCUNZAIYINXINGDEBAOZHENGJIN。ZHEIBUFENZIJINBINGBUNENGNUOZUOTAYONG。

  GENJU2020NIANBANNIANBAO,CHENMINGZHIYEHUOBIZIJINZHONGDEQITAHUOBIZIJINYIJINGDADAOLE193YIYUAN,BI2016NIANZENGZHANGJINYIBEI,ZHANZONGZICHANBILIYUE20%。QIZHONG,YONGYUKAIJUYINXINGCHENGDUIHUIPIAOCUNRUYINXINGDEBAOZHENGJINDADAO123.68YIYUAN,XIANGBI2016NIANDE24.5YIYUAN,ZENGZHANG5BEI。

TUPIANLAIYUAN:NIANBAO

  然而,晨鸣纸业这几年业务规模并没有同幅度增长。同期,晨鸣纸业应付票据中的银行承兑票据余额只有23.64亿元,其中当期的新增额也仅为14.5亿元。晨鸣纸业在银行存放的保证金,10倍于应付票据。

  JIEMIANXINWENJIUCIZIXUNZHANGQICONGSHIYINXINGCUNDAIYEWUDERENSHI,QIBIAOSHIYIBANQINGKUANGGONGSIBUHUICUNFANGGUODUODEBAOZHENGJINZAIYINXINGNEI。“YIBANLAISHUO,YINXINGHUIYAOQIUQIYEANZHAO100%DEBILIJIAONAYINXINGCHENGDUIHUIPIAOBAOZHENGJIN,GEBIEYINXINGKENENGHUIGENGDI。YIBANLAISHUO,YINXINGDEBAOZHENGJINJINHUIANZHAOHUOQILILVJISUANLIXI,QIYEJIAONAYIDABIDUOYUDEBAOZHENGJINBINGBUHUASUAN,YINCIKEHUYEBINGBUHUIJIAONAGUODUODEBAOZHENGJIN。“HUANERYANZHI,ZHEIZHONGCUNFANG10BEIYUYINGFUPIAOJUDEBAOZHENGJINZUOFABINGBUDUOJIAN。

TUPIANLAIYUAN:Wind、JIEMIANXINWENYANJIUBU

  彩乐乐网与同行业相比,晨鸣纸业如此大额的银行承兑汇票保证金也显得十分奇怪。2019年,山鹰纸业披露的应付票据中,银行承兑汇票金额为1.91亿元,当年其存放的银行承兑汇票保证金也为1.91亿元;太阳纸业银行承兑汇票为8.2亿元,公司并没有披露其他货币资金的明细,但其他货币资金总共有12.42亿元,可以判断太阳纸业开具的银行承兑汇票金额和其存放在银行的保证金也大体相当。

  CIQIAN,CHENMINGZHIYEDESHENJIJIGOUBINGWEIJIANGHUOBIZIJINLIEWEIGUANJIANSHENJISHIXIANG。CHENMINGZHIYESHIFOUCUNZAILIYONGYINXINGCHENGDUIHUIPIAOZHIZAOTIWAIZIJINXUNHUAN?ZHEIXIEPIAOJUSHIKAIJILESHEI?DUIFANGSHIFOUTIEXIAN?ZHEIXIEWENTIHAIYOUDAICHENMINGZHIYEJIEDA。

  高额负债凸显偿债压力

彩乐乐网  DUONIANLAI,CHENMINGZHIYEBAOSHOUGAOFUZHAILVDEKUNRAO。ZICHANFUZHAILVFANGMIAN,JINWUNIANGONGSIBAOCHI70%YISHANG。SUIRANZAOZHIXINGYESHUYUZHONGZICHANXINGYE,DANYUTONGXINGXIANGBI,CHENMINGZHIYEDEZICHANFUZHAILVRENGRANPIANGAO。

  YUCHENMINGZHIYEGUIMOXIANGDANGDESHANYINGZHIYEHETAIYANGZHIYE,ZICHANFUZHAILVFENBIEWEI55.05%HE65.89%。JIEZHIJINNIANBANNIANBAO,CHENMINGZHIYEFUZHAIZONGEYIJINGDADAO727.8YIYUAN,QIZHONG,ZHANGQIJIEKUAN、DUANQIJIEKUANDENGYOUXIFUZHAIWEI525YIYUAN。YINIANNEIDAOQIDEYOUXIFUZHAIWEI454.9YIYUAN。CHULEFUZHAI,CHENMINGZHIYEHAIDUIKONGGUZIGONGSIDANBAO132.22YIYUAN。

  CHENMINGZHIYESUIRANYONGYOUXIANJIN193YIYUAN,DANQIZHONGYOU187.2YIYUANYIJINGZUOWEIYINXINGCHENGDUIPIAOJU、XINYONGZHENG、YINXINGJIEKUANDEBAOZHENGJINYIJICUNKUANZHUNBEIJIN,SHUYUSHOUXIANXIANJIN。NENGYONGLAICHANGHAISHANGSHUJIEKUANDEZHIYOUBUZU6YIYUAN。CIWAI,CHENMINGZHIYEDEGUDINGZICHAN、WUXINGZICHANHETOUZIXINGFANGDICHANZONGJIWEI450.73YIYUAN,QIZHONGYEYOU148.7YIYUANYONGYUJIEKUANDEDIYAWU。

  JUEJIEKUANDAOZHIGONGSIBEIFULECHENZHONGDECAIWUFUDAN。CHENMINGZHIYEFAXINGDEGONGSIZHAIQUANLIXIGAODA7.28%,2019NIANCHENMINGZHIYEGUANGCAIWUFEIYONGYIXIANGJIUDADAO29.16YIYUAN。YICHENMINGZHIYEQUNIAN17YIYUANDEJINGLIRUNLAIKAN,YAOCHANGHAISHANGSHUFUZHAIBINGFEIYISHI。

  ZAI2018NIANHE2019NIAN,CHENMINGZHIYECHUSHOULEDUOJIACONGSHIDICHANKAIFAHEKUANGCHANZIYUANDEZIGONGSI。2018NIAN,CHENMINGZHIYEYI26.34YIYUANCHUSHOULEGUANGDONGDEJUNTOUZIYOUXIANGONGSISUOCHIDEQUANBU50%DEGUFEN。2019NIAN8YUE,CHENMINGZHIYEYOUJIANGHAICHENGHAIMINGKUANGYE60%DEGUQUANJIZHAIQUANYI19.49YIYUANZIJINZHUANRANG。LINGWAI,CHENMINGZHIYEZAI2018NIANNIANBAOZHONGBIAOSHI,YINWEIRONGZIZULINYEWUGUIMOCHIXUYASUO,JINGHUISHOU61.91YIYUAN。ZHEIYESHIDECHENMINGZHIYE2018NIANHE2019NIANJINGYINGXINGXIANJINLIURUFENBIEDADAO141YIHE122.3YIYUAN,DAFUGAOYUDANGNIANJINGLIRUN。

TUPIANLAIYUAN:Wind、JIEMIANXINWENYANJIUBU

  彩乐乐网不过,晨鸣纸业并没有将回笼的资金用来降低负债率,而是继续多领域发展。2018年,晨鸣纸业以24.35亿元的价格投资广东南粤银行,占股16.62%;2018年底,晨鸣纸业还投资4亿元收购金信期货有限公司100%股权。2019年3月晨鸣纸业又增资9.58亿元,收购了所持有的新黄浦置业剩余25%的少数股东权益。一番操作下来,晨鸣纸业的资产负债率仍高达73%。


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